Dittmar & Turpie – OT in the NT

When I originally began this blog, I was particularly interested in posting things about the New Testament’s use of the Old Testament (hence oldinthenew.org). Since then, my focus has broken down to include Legos and other non-related things. Well, finally, here’s a post that fits the name of the blog.

While doing my thesis I came across several older books that catalog and describe the places where the New Testament quotes or alludes to the Old Testament. In a recent Google Books search, I’ve found that a few of the more helpful (and RARE) works are now freely available. I’ve purchased copies of these works, and believe me they were hard to find.

First is Wilhelm Dittmar’s Vetus Testamentum in Novo: Die alttestamentlichen Parallelen des neuen Testaments im Wortlaut der Urtexte und der Septuaginta (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1903). Below is a snippet of Dittmar’s treatment of James 1:9-11 and its allusion to Isaiah 40:6-8:

Text not available
Vetus Testamentum in Novo Die alttestamentlichen Parallelen des neuen Testaments im Wortlaut der Urtexte und der Septuaginta By Wilhelm Dittmar (Vol 2 = Epistles & Revelation; Vol 1 = Gospels & Acts).

Dittmar’s book is in German, but don’t let that intimidate you. In essence the entire book is a ‘textual apparatus’ arranged in the order of where the quote/allusion occurs in the NT. The back of the book contains a list of parallels to the Old Testament and Apocrypha arranged by OT text.

Another one is David McCalman Turpie’s The Old Testament in the New: A Contribution to Biblical Criticism and Interpretation (London: Williams and Norgate, 1868). Below is a snippet of Turpies treatment of 1 Peter 1:24-25, which contains an explicit quotation of Isaiah 40:6-8.

Text not available
The Old Testament in the New A Contribution to Biblical Criticism and Interpretation… By David McCalman Turpie

Turpie’s work is also available via archive.org. This text is a bit harder to navigate than Dittmar’s, given that the entries are arranged by categories defined by the relationship of the NT quotation to the LXX or the MT.

Not to be missed is Crawford Howell Toy’s Quotations in the New Testament (New York: C. Scribner’s Sons, 1884). The above link leads directly to his discussion of James 1:9-11 and 1 Peter 1:24-25.

These texts are all over 100 years old, so they do not take into account evidence from Qumran. So, by all means they are not the final word. It is, of course, a good idea to consult mondern works like Carson and Beale’s Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament (which, for the record, does not really address the strong allusion to Isaiah 40 in James 1, so even the new kids on the block miss things).

UPDATE: Mark Hoffman points out that the link I provide above to Dittmar’s Vetus Testamentum in Novo is a link to volume 2. Volume 1 (containing the Gospels and Acts) is available here.

OT in the NT with BibleWorks

Mark Vitalis Hoffman of Luther Theological Seminary has put together a tutorial on the use of the Old Testament in Matthew 4:4. In this PowerPoint tutorial, he demonstrates how to use BibleWorks 7 to investigate the various issues with interpreting the OT in the NT. (See his blog post.) I have not had a chance to check out the presentation, but given that the topic is on “oldinthenew” and BibleWorks (2 of my favorite things), I figured that it would be good to give everyone a heads up.

I hope we see more of this kind of tutorial in the future.

Link: OT in the NT: Matt 4:4-Learning to work with resources