Each semester I help NT Interp students with their word studies/Greco-Roman & Jewish background studies. TLG (Thesaurus Linguae Graecae) is an exhaustive resource for searching through Classical literature. Here at GCTS we have an online subscription that’s available to students, staff, and faculty. The results list that TLG provides uses the Latin titles of Greek works, and rarely do seminary students know Latin (at least at this seminary). Some of the texts particularly helpful for the New Testament are the relatively early Jewish and Christian texts in the Old Testament Pseudepigrapha. Given that the OTP is not covered by the Loeb Classical Library, it can be difficult to track down English translations.
To remedy this I’ve started to put together a table that lists the TLG title (along with other pertinent information) and correlates it with the beginning page number for that work in Charlesworth’s Old Testament Pseudepigrapha (vols 1 & 2). I’ve also included library location information on a few works like Josephus, Philo and the Greek Magical Papyri. The location information that I’ve given is specific to the Goddard Library – but using the standard Library of Congress call numbers.
The table is a work in progress. I hope to add more information in the future. For instance, not all English translations available in the OTP are translations from the extant Greek text. E.g. the translation of 1 Enoch in the OTP is a translation from the Ethiopic text, so the English translation should be used carefully when looking at the Greek fragments available in TLG. I hope to add this kind of information for each work, as well as information on where to find English translations of the Greek – if available. Page numbers in Charles’ Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament (APOT) will be added. It would also be helpful to reference the Loeb Classical Library volume numbers for specific works of Josephus and Philo. Another future revision may include information on the Greek literature written between the first century B.C. and the first century A.D. (BCE and CE for folks like NTWrong and Jim West!) I stand corrected by NT Wrong! BTW, the Bishop’s post on Early Judeo-Christian texts has a fantastic categorization of these texts by genre and date. Fantastic!
Here’s a link to the table (it’s a sloppy conversion to HTML from an Excel document, but I’ll clean that up later.
Those lucky enough to own the Accordance module don’t have to worry about this too much – they’ve got both English and Greek texts available to them in parallel, and the English texts are translations of the Greek rather than the other Ancient languages represented. The Logos version (which has been in prepub forever, but due in November) has the Greek text, but as of now Logos does not have English translations from the Greek (but rather links to Charles’ APOT.
A few links of interest:
- A nice compilation of parallels between the OTP and the NT has been put together by Thomas Knittel, Christfried Böttrich and Jens Herzer at the Arbeitshilfen für das Studium der Pseudepigraphen. It’s in German, but it’s navigable if you stare at it long enough.
- Kevin Edgecomb of Biblicalia has an NT Allusions to the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha page. It’s in English, and he’s included snippets of the Apocrypha/Pseudepigrapha for each entry. He has other tools available on his Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha page.
- The Online Critical Pseudepigrapha has the Greek text of many OTP documents along with a multi-lingual apparatus for 2 Baruch, the Testament of Job, 1 Enoch (in progress) and the Testament of Adam.
- Sacred Texts has English translations of several Old Testament Pseudepigrapha texts.
- The Internet Archive has several of the works of R.H.Charles available, including APOT 1 & 2.
- Peter Kirby’s Early Jewish Writings shouldn’t be missed! It includes translations (or links to translations) of much of the OTP as well as Josephus and Philo.
- Nor should James Davila’s Old Testament Pseudepigrapha Website be missed for its many links.
- NEW: The Right Reverend and Honorable Bishop NT Wrong has an excellent post listing Early Judeo-Christian texts according to genre and approximate date.