R.R.Ottley’s Book of Isaiah According to the LXX (PDF)

I’ve recently made scans of R. R. Ottley’s Book of Isaiah According to the Septuagint (Codex Alexandrinus), volumes 1 and 2 (Cambridge University Press, 1904-1906).

This is a handy little work that contains valuable textual notes on the Greek text of Isaiah (in vol. 2). The first volume contains an English translation of Isaiah, according to Alexandrinus, presented in parallel with a translation of the Hebrew text (this is how it had to be done before BibleWorks). The PDF consists of images scanned at a fairly high resolution. The English text has been OCR’ed and bookmarked, so the English commentary is searchable.  It’s a pretty big file (54MB). This book is old, and it is fairly difficult to obtain, but it’s proved valuable to me in the past.

The file is available for download here: http://www.archive.org/details/IsaiahAccordingToTheSeptuagint

Feel free to upload it to your own sites or blogs and pass it along.

It’s in Public Domain, and I’d love to see the scans put to good use!

Forthcoming: Christ as Agent of Creation in the NT

Nijay Gupta points out that Sean McDonough (professor of NT at Gordon-Conwell) will soon be publishing a new book on “Christ as Agent of Creation in the New Testament.”

Here is a blurb from the description (which Nijay provides in full):

This book examines the New Testament teaching that Christ was the one through whom God made the world. While scholars usually interpret this doctrine as arising from the equation of Jesus and the Wisdom of God, Sean McDonough argues that it had its roots in the church’s memories of Jesus’ miracles. These memories, coupled with the experience of spiritual renewal in the early church, established Jesus as the definitive agent of God’s new creation in the New Testament writings and the teachings of the Early Church.

I am very much looking forward to seeing this book in production! I spent a few years helping Dr. McDonough with bibliographic research on the topic. I’ve taken several classes with him, and he was one of my MA thesis supervisors.

Dittmar & Turpie – OT in the NT

When I originally began this blog, I was particularly interested in posting things about the New Testament’s use of the Old Testament (hence oldinthenew.org). Since then, my focus has broken down to include Legos and other non-related things. Well, finally, here’s a post that fits the name of the blog.

While doing my thesis I came across several older books that catalog and describe the places where the New Testament quotes or alludes to the Old Testament. In a recent Google Books search, I’ve found that a few of the more helpful (and RARE) works are now freely available. I’ve purchased copies of these works, and believe me they were hard to find.

First is Wilhelm Dittmar’s Vetus Testamentum in Novo: Die alttestamentlichen Parallelen des neuen Testaments im Wortlaut der Urtexte und der Septuaginta (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1903). Below is a snippet of Dittmar’s treatment of James 1:9-11 and its allusion to Isaiah 40:6-8:

Text not available
Vetus Testamentum in Novo Die alttestamentlichen Parallelen des neuen Testaments im Wortlaut der Urtexte und der Septuaginta By Wilhelm Dittmar (Vol 2 = Epistles & Revelation; Vol 1 = Gospels & Acts).

Dittmar’s book is in German, but don’t let that intimidate you. In essence the entire book is a ‘textual apparatus’ arranged in the order of where the quote/allusion occurs in the NT. The back of the book contains a list of parallels to the Old Testament and Apocrypha arranged by OT text.

Another one is David McCalman Turpie’s The Old Testament in the New: A Contribution to Biblical Criticism and Interpretation (London: Williams and Norgate, 1868). Below is a snippet of Turpies treatment of 1 Peter 1:24-25, which contains an explicit quotation of Isaiah 40:6-8.

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The Old Testament in the New A Contribution to Biblical Criticism and Interpretation… By David McCalman Turpie

Turpie’s work is also available via archive.org. This text is a bit harder to navigate than Dittmar’s, given that the entries are arranged by categories defined by the relationship of the NT quotation to the LXX or the MT.

Not to be missed is Crawford Howell Toy’s Quotations in the New Testament (New York: C. Scribner’s Sons, 1884). The above link leads directly to his discussion of James 1:9-11 and 1 Peter 1:24-25.

These texts are all over 100 years old, so they do not take into account evidence from Qumran. So, by all means they are not the final word. It is, of course, a good idea to consult mondern works like Carson and Beale’s Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament (which, for the record, does not really address the strong allusion to Isaiah 40 in James 1, so even the new kids on the block miss things).

UPDATE: Mark Hoffman points out that the link I provide above to Dittmar’s Vetus Testamentum in Novo is a link to volume 2. Volume 1 (containing the Gospels and Acts) is available here.

ICC Commentaries Online

Mark Hoffman (of Biblical Studies & Technological Tools) and Rod Decker (of the NT Resources blog) have both posted lists of International Critical Commentaries (ICC) that are available online. These titles are all in public domain and are completely free. Some of them are still widely referenced today. Of course it’s “old” scholarship, but as Rod Decker remarks, It’s “not a bad collection for the price.”

  • See Hoffman’s Biblical Studies & Technological Tools page for OT ICC.
  • See Decker’s NT Resources page for NT ICC.

Thanks Mark & Rod!

forgive me for not reading

I’m taking a course on theological librarianship through ATLA and University of Illinois Urbana/Champlain. I enjoyed the following snippet from a book on medieval libraries:

On the Monday after the first Sunday in Lent, before brethren come into the Chapter House, the librarian (custos librorum) shall have a carpet laid down, and all the books got together upon it, except those which the year previous had been assigned for reading. These the brethren are to bring with them, when they come into the chapter house, each his book in his hand….

Then the librarian shall read a statement as to the manner in which the brethren have had books during the past year. As each brother hears his name pronounced, he is to give back the book which had been entrusted to him for reading; and he whose conscience accuses him of not having read through the book which he had received, is to fall on his face, confess his fault, and entreat forgiveness.

The librarian shall make a fresh distribution of books, namely a different volume to each brother for his reading.

From Archbishop Lanfranc’s statute for English Benedictines, dated 1070; quoted on page 35 of Clark, J. W. Libraries in the Medieval and Renaissance Periods. The Rede Lecture, 1894. Chicago: Argonaut, Inc., 1968. (Google Books)

Imagine the difference such a practice would make in theological education today. While I know that to be competent in biblical studies or theology, one must be familiar with an array of books from multiple disciplines, imagine what it would be like to assign a single book by a master theologian to each individual student, who would then be responsible for reading the book–devouring it. I have so many books on my shelves that I have not yet even tasted, let alone devoured.

Another quote is worth noting. This one is from a letter written by Sidonius Apollinaris to Nymphidius (ca. ad 472):

It is high time for you to send the book back; if you liked it, you must have had enough of it by now; if you dislike it, more than enough. Whichever it be, you have now to clear your reputation. If you mean to delay the return of a volume for which I have to ask you, I shall think that you care more for the parchment than for the work. Farewell.

Sidonius Apollinaris, Letters. Tr. O.M. Dalton (1915) vol. 2. p. 51; Book V (Tertullian.org)

Part of this quote was printed on the overdue notices put out by the British library at some time or another (see p. 52 in John B. Trotti, “The Theological Library: In Touch With the Witnesses,” in Christian Librarianship: Essays On The Integration of Faith and Profession, Ed. Gregory A. Smith. Jefferson, N.C.: Macfarland, 2002, 48-54).

It seems that not much has changed over the years, when it comes to overdue books!

For Sale: Dictionary of Classical Hebrew (vols. 1, 2, 4)

Forgive the shameless self-promotion. I’m selling three volumes of the Dictionary of Classical Hebrew on Amazon.com for $100 each. Check out the price listings at used.addall.com:

While $100 is not cheap on a scholar’s budget, the price is not bad in comparison to others. These volumes are nearly new. They only have a few bumped corners and very light shelf-ware. All three volumes are listed on my Amazon Storefront.

David J. A. Clines described the method behind the dictionary’s madness in On the Way to the Postmodern: Old Testament Essays 1967-1998, Volume 2 (JSOTSup, 292; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1998), 602-12 [link]. See also reviews/critiques here, here and here.