James in the Apostolic Fathers, Continued…

Below is a table that summarizes the location of possible allusions to James in the Apostolic Fathers. I have not noted those parallels between James and the Shepherd of Hermas that are given a “C” classification in the NTAF.1 Special attention must be paid to Hermas as it contains the vast majority of parallels.

James Apostolic Fathers Cited in:
1:4 Polycarp, Phil. 12:3 BP, Lake
1:4 Herm. Mand. 9:6 (39:6) NTAF {C}
1:5 Herm. Sim. 5.4.3 (57:3) AFNTC
1:5 Herm. Mand. 9:1-3 (39:6; cf. Sim. 9.24.1,2 [101:1,2]) NTAF {C}
1:6-8 Herm. Mand. 9:5,6 (39:5,6; cf. Sim. 1.3 [50:3]) BP, AFNTC, Lake, NTAF {C}
1:17 Herm. Mand. 9.1 (39:1; cf. Mand. 11.5 [43:5]) NTAF {C}
1:27 Herm. Sim. 6.1.1 (61:1) AFNTC
1:27 Herm. Sim. 1:8 (50:8) BP, AFNTC, Lake
1:27 Herm. Mand. 2.7 (27:7) Lightfoot
2:7 Herm. Sim. 8.6.4 (72:4) AFNTC, Lake
2:23 1 Clem. 10:1, 7 BP, Ehrman, Lake
2:25 1 Clem. 12:1 BP, Ehrman, Lake
3:15 Herm. Mand. 11.5,6 (43:5,6; cf. Mand. 9.11 [39:11]) AFNTC, Lake, NTAF {C}
3:18 Herm. Sim. 9.19.2 (96:2) AFNTC, Lake
4:4 2 Clem. 6:3,5 NTAF {D}
4:6 1 Clem. 30:2 (cf. 1 Peter 5:5; Prov 3:34; Ign. Eph. 5:3) BP, Holmes, Ehrman, Lake, NTAF2
4:7 Herm. Mand. 12.2.4 (45:4) AFNTC, Lake
4:7 Herm. Mand. 12.5.1 (48:2) BP, AFNTC, Lake (index)
4:11 Herm. Vis. 2.2 (27:2) BP, Lighfoot
4:12 Herm. Mand. 12.6.3 (49:3) AFNTC, Lake, NTAF {C}
4:12 Herm. Sim. 9.23.2-4 (100:2-4) AFNTC, Lake, NTAF {C}
5:4 Herm. Vis. 3.9.6 (17:6) AFNTC, Lake
5:5 Herm. Sim. 6.1.6 (61:6) AFNTC
5:7,8,10 2 Clem. 20:2-4 NTAF {D}
5:11 Herm. Mand. 9.2 (39.2) NTAF {C}
5:16 2 Clem. 15:1 NTAF {D}
5:19-20 2 Clem. 15:1 BP, AFNTC
5:20 1 Clem. 49:5 (cf. 1 Peter 4:8; Prov 10:12) NTAF3
5:20 2 Clem. 16:4 NTAF {D}

KEY:

BP = Biblia Patristica
AFNTC = The Apostolic Fathers: A Translation and Commentary
Ehrman = Bart Ehrman’s Loeb Classical Library translation
Lake = Kirsopp Lake’s Loeb Classical Library translation
NTAF = The New Testament in the Apostolic Fathers

Notes:

  1. The classification system used in the NTAF is described as follows:

    Class A includes those books about which there can be no reasonable doubt, either because they are expressly mentioned, or because there are other certain indications of their use. Class B comprises those books the use of which, in the judgement of the editors, reaches a high degree of probability. With class C we come to a lower degree of probability; and in class D are placed those books which may possibly be referred to, but in regard to which the evidence appeared too uncertain to allow any reliance to be placed upon it (NTAF iii).

    It should be noted that parallels between James and the Apostolic Fathers are only given C and D ratings in the NTAF.

  2. A. J. Carlyle notes the dependency of 1 Clem. 30:1-2, 1 Peter 2:1; 5:5 and James 4:6 on Proverbs 3:34 (NTAF 55).
  3. Again Clement, Peter and James are dependent upon Proverbs, though the wording of Clement (ἀγάπη καλύπτει πλῆθος ἁμαρτιῶν) agrees exactly with Peter over against James and the LXX (NTAF 56).

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